Wednesday, December 17, 2008

U.S. Grant's General Order No. 11

Ulysses S. GrantA Near-American Holocaust of 1862 Most people don't know about General Grant and the expulsion of Jews from his "department." The order was signed on the 17th of December, 1862. His "department" designated areas of Missouri, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.

There was a thriving black-market in the south, trading with South to supply money if not war supplies. While some of the black-marketeers were Jewish, most were not. But as is typical in these instances, antisemitism was common.
In the emotional climate of the war zone, ancient prejudices flourished. The terms “Jew,” “profiteer,” “speculator” and “trader” were employed interchangeably. Union commanding General Henry W. Halleck linked “traitors and Jew peddlers.” Grant shared Halleck's mentality, describing “the Israelites” as “an intolerable nuisance.”
Many people were evicted - even Union veterans.

It was not until January 4, 1863 that the order was officially revoked by order of General-in-Chief H.W. Halleck.
Washington, January 4, 1863.

Major-General GRANT,
Holly Springs, Miss.:

A paper purporting to be General Orders, Numbers 11, issued by you December 17, has been presented here. By its terms it expels all Jews from your department. If such an order has been issued, it will be immediately revoked.

President Lincoln had met with a delegation lead by Cesar Kaskel on January 3. (Many telegrams had been sent from all over the country as well.) Lincoln told Halleck to rescind the order.

People always wring their hands when the subject of the Holocaust comes up, and wonder, "How could such things happen?" The truth is that they happen quite frequently (as history goes) and it looks like Iran & Co. are getting ready to unleash another tide of death very soon.
[Hat tip to Tam for reminding me. See her post for what else happened on this day in history.]

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